Dr. Stephen Vincent Strange, also known as Doctor Strange, is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by artist and character conceptualist Steve Ditko, the character first appeared in Strange Tales #110 (cover-dated July 1963). A former neurosurgeon, Strange serves as the Sorcerer Supreme, the primary protector of Earth against magical and mystical threats. Debuting in the Silver Age of comics, the character has been featured in several comic book series and adapted in a variety of media including video games, an animated television show, and films. Inspired by storytellings of black magic and Chandu the Magician, Strange was created to bring a different kind of character and themes of mysticism to Marvel Comics.
Doctor Strange was a brilliant but egotistical surgeon. After a car accident destroys his hands and hinders his ability to perform surgery, he searches the globe for a way to repair them and encounters the Ancient One. After becoming one of the old Sorcerer Supreme's students, he becomes a practitioner of both the mystical arts as well as martial arts. Along with knowing many powerful spells, he has a costume with two mystical objects (the Cloak of Levitation and Eye of Agamotto) which give him added powers. Strange is aided along the way by his friend and valet, Wong, and a large assortment of mystical objects. He takes up residence in a mansion called the Sanctum Sanctorum, located in New York City. Later, Strange takes the title of Sorcerer Supreme.
In 2012, Doctor Strange was ranked 83rd in Wizard's "200 Greatest Comic Book Characters of All Time" list, and 33rd in IGN's list of "The Top 50 Avengers". The character was first portrayed in live action by Peter Hooten in the 1978 television movie Dr. Strange. A Marvel Studios live-action film adaptation starring Benedict Cumberbatch in the lead role was released in 2016.
Dr. Strange (1978)
Peter Hooten starred as Dr. Stephen Strange in the live-action TV movie Dr. Strange, which premiered on September 6, 1978. In this film, Stephen Strange was a psychiatry resident rather than an experienced neurosurgeon. John Mills appeared as Thomas Lindmer, whom director-writer Philip DeGuere added to the story as a stand-in for the Ancient One.
Doctor Mordrid (1992)
The 1992 film Doctor Mordrid began development as a Doctor Strange adaptation, but the studio's license expired before production began. The project was rewritten to change the main character's name and slightly alter his origin.
Doctor Strange: The Sorcerer Supreme (2007)
In the animated direct-to-DVD film Doctor Strange: The Sorcerer Supreme, released August 14, 2007, Doctor Strange (voiced by Bryce Johnson) travels to Tibet, seeking to heal his hands after a car accident. Training with the Ancient One and his pupils, Strange faces the emergence of Dormammu. Its broadcast premiere occurred November 1, 2008 on Cartoon Network.
Planet Hulk (2010)
Doctor Strange has a brief non-speaking cameo in the 2010 film Planet Hulk. He and the members of the Illuminati regretfully inform Hulk of the decisions made to ensure his removal from Earth.
Doctor Strange (2016)
Doctor Strange is a 2016 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name, produced by Marvel Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. It is the 14th film of the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU). The film is directed by Scott Derrickson, who wrote the film with Jon Spaihts and C. Robert Cargill, and stars Benedict Cumberbatch, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Rachel McAdams, Benedict Wong, Michael Stuhlbarg, Benjamin Bratt, Scott Adkins, Mads Mikkelsen, and Tilda Swinton. In Doctor Strange, surgeon Stephen Strange learns the mystic arts from the Ancient One after a career-ending car accident.
Various incarnations of a Doctor Strange film have been in development since the mid-1980s until Paramount Pictures acquired the film rights in April 2005 on behalf of Marvel Studios. Thomas Dean Donnelly and Joshua Oppenheimer were brought on board in June 2010 to write a screenplay. In June 2014, Derrickson and Spaihts were hired to direct and re-write the film, respectively. Cumberbatch was chosen for the eponymous role in December 2014, necessitating a schedule change to work around his other commitments. This gave Derrickson time to work on the script himself, for which he brought Cargill on to help. The film began principal photography in November 2015 in Nepal before moving to the United Kingdom, and concluded in New York City in April 2016. Filming also occurred in Hong Kong.
Doctor Strange held its world premiere in Hong Kong on October 13, 2016, and was released in the United States on November 4, 2016, in 3D and IMAX 3D. The film has grossed over $647 million, making it the 10th highest-grossing film of 2016, and was met with positive reviews from critics, who particularly praised its visuals, acting and musical score.
In April 2016, co-writer Cargill stated that Marvel felt some initial ideas for the film from him and Derrickson highlighted too much of the "weird stuff" associated with the character to feature in an origin story, but told the duo to hold onto them for potential future films. In October 2016, Derrickson confirmed he had plans for a sequel, saying, "I love the character, I love the visual possibilities, and I know the comics so well - [the first movie is] the tip of an iceberg. There's so much progress that can be made." He would like to follow the example of The Dark Knight and "bring in a villain where you really got to go deep [and have] a more visceral experience". Cumberbatch added that he had signed on for at least one more Doctor Strange solo film. Derrickson hoped to feature Nightmare in a potential sequel, and also expressed interest in further exploring the characters Jonathan Pangborn and Hamir in a sequel, after their smaller roles in the first film, and explained that he is "kept in the loop" on how the Avengers films will use Strange because of his close relationships with Feige and co-director Joe Russo.
The Defenders (2017)
The Defenders is the name of a number of Marvel Comics superhero groups which are usually presented as a "non-team" of individualistic "outsiders," each known for following their own agendas. The team often battled mystic and supernatural threats.
Its original incarnation was led by Doctor Strange and included the Hulk, Namor, and, eventually, the Silver Surfer. They first appeared as The Defenders in Marvel Feature #1 (Dec. 1971).
The group had a rotating line-up from 1972 until 1986, with Dr. Strange and the Hulk being more or less constant members along with a number of other mainstays such as Valkyrie, Nighthawk, Hellcat, the Gargoyle, Beast, the Son of Satan and Luke Cage, and a large number of temporary members. The publication was retitled near the end of the run as The New Defenders but featured none of the original members and only Valkyrie, the Beast and the Gargoyle of the former long-term members. The concept was modified in the 1993–95 series Secret Defenders, in which Dr. Strange assembled different teams for each individual mission. Later, the original team were reunited in a short-lived series by Kurt Busiek and Erik Larsen. In the 2000s, Marvel published a new miniseries featuring the classic line-up. Writer Matt Fraction and artist Terry Dodson launched a new Defenders series in December 2011.
Avengers: Infinity War (2018)
Cumberbatch will reprise his role as Doctor Strange in Avengers: Infinity War.
Doctor Strange on TV
- Dr. Strange appeared in Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends. In the episode "7 Little Superheroes", he alongside Spider-Man, Iceman, Firestar, Captain America, Namor and Shanna the She-Devil are invited to the Chameleon's house on Wolf Island so that the heroes could be gotten rid of.
- Doctor Strange had a cameo appearance in the 1990s X-Men animated series. He was seen in the episode "The Dark Phoenix Saga (Part 3)".
- Doctor Strange appears in Spider-Man: The Animated Series, voiced by John Vernon. In the episode "Doctor Strange", he and Wong help Spider-Man (Peter Parker) rescue Mary Jane Watson from Baron Mordo and Dormammu, and retrieve the Wand of Watoomb. After Spider-Man leaves, Doctor Strange detects the presence of Madame Web.
- Doctor Strange appeared in The Incredible Hulk, voiced by Maurice LaMarche. In the episode "Mind Over Anti-Matter", he helps She-Hulk at the time when an unnamed evil entity has possessed the Hulk into the Dark Hulk.
- Doctor Strange appears in The Super Hero Squad Show, voiced by Roger Rose. He appears in the episodes "Enter Dormammu", "A Brat Walks Among Us", "Night in the Sanctorum", "Invader from the Dark Dimension", and "Election of Evil".
- Doctor Strange is featured in the Marvel animated shows on Disney XD, voiced initially by Jack Coleman, and later by Liam O'Brien.
- Doctor Strange is featured in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series. He appears in season one's "Strange", where he helps Spider-Man and Iron Fist at the time when Nightmare has placed everyone in Manhattan in a deep sleep. In season two's "Journey of the Iron Fist", he appears in his astral form while visiting K'un-L'un. Doctor Strange has a minor appearance in Ultimate Spider-Man: Web Warriors. He appears in "Cloak and Dagger" where he helps Spider-Man and Dagger when Dormammu has possessed Cloak into capturing Iron Fist and White Tiger. Doctor Strange also appears in Ultimate Spider-Man vs. The Sinister Six. In "Miles from Home", Doctor Strange helps Spider-Man when Doctor Octopus and Baron Mordo use the Siege Perilous to bring the demonic winged Green Goblin to the main reality. After Doc Ock and the alternate Goblin are defeated, Doctor Strange creates a temporal window to help Miles Morales talk to Rio Morales. In "Return to the Spider-Verse" [Pt. 1], Doctor Strange and Madame Web help Kid Arachnid on the interdimensional trail to gather the Siege Perilous pieces. In "Strange Halloween", Doctor Strange teams up with Spider-Man and Ant-Man in the Quantum Realm when every trick-or-treater gets turned into monstrous versions of their costumes. The three superheroes arrive to the Quantum Realm, confronting Baron Mordo and illusion versions of Dormammu, Ultron, and Doc Ock's nanite-powered form. Thanks to a tactic, Spider-Man, Doctor Strange, and Ant-Man shatter the illusions and unknowingly bring Baron Mordo back to their reality. Although Baron Mordo unleashed the transformed trick-or-treaters on the heroes and even animated the vehicles and buildings into monsters, Spider-Man uses the imagination part of the spell and imagines the Eye of Agamotto enlarging which help Doctor Strange undo Baron Mordo's spell.
- Doctor Strange appeared in Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H.. In the episode "Stranger in a Strange Land", he is depicted as an old friend of the Hulk. In order for A-Bomb to perfect magic tricks, Hulk hooked A-Bomb up with Doctor Strange. In the episode "Planet Monster" [Pt. 2], Doctor Strange was among the superheroes that help the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. and the Avengers fight the forces of the Supreme Intelligence. He provides a barrier to protect the heroes from the Kree warship's lasers.
- Doctor Strange appears in Avengers Assemble. In the episode "Widow's Run", Black Widow convinces the Avengers to turn the Infinite Stones to Doctor Strange for help in order to determine what to do since Black Widow had a vision that Doctor Strange wouldn't be tempted by the Infinity Stones' power. Doctor Strange tells the Avengers that he has been forewarned about the Infinity Stones' powers which are causing danger to reality and even affecting the mystic realms. When Dormammu and the Mindless Ones emerge from the portal, Doctor Strange helps the Avengers fight until Black Widow uses the Infinity Gems' power to send Dormammu and the Mindless Ones back to the Dark Dimension. After Black Widow broke free from the Infinity Stones' influence, Doctor Strange was present when Thanos arrived and claimed all the Infinity Stones via the Infinity Gauntlet before leaving. In the episode "Avengers Underground", Doctor Strange is seen trapped in a special container by the Squadron Supreme as he tries to break out. In the episode "Avengers World", Doctor Strange appears on a holographic globe as one of the heroes Iron Man and Captain America consider potential candidate for the Avengers. Doctor Strange also appears in Avengers: Ultron Revolution. In the episode "Into the Dark Dimension", Doctor Strange turns to Iron Man, Hulk and Thor for help when it comes to Dormammu's Mindless Ones invading on Halloween. When at Stark Industries' Arc Reactor, Dormammu manages to steal the Eye of Agamotto from Doctor Strange as part of his plot to conquer all of reality. This causes Doctor Strange, Iron Man, Hulk and Thor into heading into the Dark Dimension to reclaim the Eye of Agamotto and defeat Dormammu. Doctor Strange and Iron Man continuously argue over the plausibility of magic (which Iron Man doubts) and the use of technology to solve magic-related problems (which Doctor Strange feels is useless). Once all that is done, Doctor Strange and Iron Man settle their differences between magic and science.
- Doctor Strange appeared in several episodes of Marvel Disk Wars: The Avengers, voiced by Yasunori Masutani.