Nancy Drew is a fictional character, a sleuth in an American mystery series created by publisher Edward Stratemeyer as the female counterpart to his Hardy Boys series. The character first appeared in 1930. The books are ghostwritten by a number of authors and published under the collective pseudonym Carolyn Keene. Over the decades, the character evolved in response to changes in US culture and tastes. The books were extensively revised and shortened, beginning in 1959, in part to lower printing costs with arguable success. In the revision process, the heroine's original character was changed to be less unruly and violent.
In the 1980s, an older and more professional Nancy emerged in a new series, The Nancy Drew Files, that included romantic subplots for the sleuth. The original Nancy Drew Mystery Stories series started in 1930 and ended in 2003. Launched in 2004, the Girl Detective series features Nancy driving a hybrid electric vehicle and using a cell phone. In 2012, the Girl Detective series ended, and a new series, Nancy Drew Diaries, was launched in 2013. Illustrations of the character evolved over time to reflect contemporary styles. The character proves continuously popular worldwide: at least 80 million copies of the books have been sold, and the books have been translated into over 45 languages. Nancy Drew is featured in 6 films, 3 television shows, and a number of popular computer games; she also appears in a variety of merchandise sold around the world.
Nancy Drew is a fictional amateur sleuth. In the original versions of the series, she is a 16-year-old high school graduate, and in later versions, is rewritten and aged to be an 18-year-old high school graduate and detective. In the series, she lives in the fictional town of River Heights with her father, attorney Carson Drew, and their housekeeper, Hannah Gruen. As a child (age ten in the original versions and age three in the later version), she loses her mother. Her loss is reflected in her early independence — running a household since the age of 10 with a clear-cut servant in early series and deferring to the servant as a surrogate parent in later ones. As a teenager, she spends her time solving mysteries, some of which she stumbles upon and some of which begin as cases of her father's. Nancy is often assisted in solving mysteries by her two closest friends: cousins Bess Marvin and George Fayne. Bess is delicate and feminine, while George is a tomboy. Nancy is also occasionally joined by her boyfriend Ned Nickerson, a student at Emerson College.
Nancy Drew (CW 2019 TV Series)
Nancy Drew is an American mystery drama television series based on the titular character of a mystery book series. It is the third Nancy Drew television series, following the The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries (1977-1979) and a 1995 Canadian-American version.
- Kennedy McMann as Nancy Drew, a brilliant former teenage detective whose sense of self used to come from solving mysteries, but who finds herself reluctantly drawn into a homicide case connected to her family
- Leah Lewis as Georgia "George" Fan, Nancy's old nemesis from high school and her boss at the local diner, The Bayside Claw
- Maddison Jaizani as Bess Marvin, a rich city girl with a mysterious past who works as a waitress with Nancy at The Bayside Claw
- Alex Saxon as Ace, the zen and amiable dishwasher/cook at The Bayside Claw with a secret to hide
- Tunji Kasim as Ned "Nick" Nickerson, a former teenage convict and football player who now runs an auto repair shop. He is Nancy's secret boyfriend
- Scott Wolf as Carson Drew, a criminal defense attorney and Nancy's widowed father, whose attempts to connect with Nancy since her mother's death have failed
- Sara Canning as Katherine Drew, Nancy's mother who died of pancreatic cancer a year earlier
- Liza Lapira as Victoria Fan, George's deadbeat mother who knows a lot of things about ghosts
- Adam Beach as Chief E.O. McGinnis, the Horseshoe Bay sheriff and Karen's boss. He isn't fond of Nancy's knack for interfering with police investigations
- Alvina August as Det. Karen Hart, an investigator with the Horseshoe Bay police department who is dating Nancy's father Carson
- Pamela Sue Martin as Harriet Grosset, a medium
- Riley Smith as Ryan Hudson, a handsome and affluent socialite who is the husband of murder victim Tiffany Hudson
- Sinead Curry as Tiffany Hudson, Ryan's wife who is a recently murdered victim
- Stephanie Van Dyck as Lucy Sable, a girl killed 19 years ago
- Stevie Lynn Jones as Laura Tandy, Tiffany's sister who suspects her sister was murdered and pushes for further investigation.
- Katie Findlay as Lisbeth, a woman working for the Hudson family and Bess's love interest
- Miles Gaston Villanueva as Owen Marvin, the scion of a wealthy clan with ties to the Hudsons and a potential ally to Nancy
Nancy Drew... Detective (1938)
Nancy Drew... Detective is a 1938 American comedy film directed by William Clemens and written by Kenneth Gamet. The film stars Bonita Granville, John Litel, James Stephenson, Frankie Thomas, Frank Orth and Helena Phillips Evans. The film was released by Warner Bros. on November 19, 1938.
Nancy Drew... Reporter (1939)
Nancy Drew... Reporter is a 1939 American mystery film directed by William Clemens and written by Kenneth Gamet. The film stars Bonita Granville as Nancy Drew, John Litel, Frankie Thomas, Mary Lee, Dickie Jones and Larry Williams. The film was released by Warner Bros. on February 18, 1939.
Nancy Drew… Trouble Shooter (1939)
Nancy Drew... Trouble Shooter is a 1939 American comedy film directed by William Clemens and written by Kenneth Gamet. The film stars Bonita Granville, Frankie Thomas, John Litel, Aldrich Bowker, Charlotte Wynters and Edgar Edwards. The film was released by Warner Bros. on June 17, 1939.
Nancy Drew & the Hidden Staircase (1939)
Nancy Drew and the Hidden Staircase is a 1939 American mystery film directed by William Clemens and written by Kenneth Garnet. It is fourth and last in a series of films starring Bonita Granville as teenage amateur detective Nancy Drew, Frankie Thomas as her boyfriend, and John Litel as her father. It was loosely based on the novel of the same name by Mildred Wirt Benson. The film was released by Warner Bros. on September 9, 1939.
Nancy Drew (2002) Maggie Lawson
On December 15, 2002, ABC aired Nancy Drew, starring Maggie Lawson and produced by Lawrence Bender. The movie was intended to be a pilot for a possible weekly series, which saw Nancy and her friends going off to college in a modern setting, and Nancy pursuing a journalism degree. Like the 1930s films, this pilot also took a more mature turn, with the mystery being a drug bust, and Nancy having a falling out with her father. The pilot aired as part of The Wonderful World of Disney series, with additional scripts being ordered and production contingent on the movie's ratings and reception. The series was passed at ABC, and UPN also passed following Lawson being cast on another ABC series.
Nancy Drew (2007) Emma Roberts
Nancy Drew is a 2007 American mystery comedy film loosely based on the popular series of mystery novels about the titular teen detective. It stars Emma Roberts as Nancy Drew, with Josh Flitter and Max Thieriot. Set in Los Angeles, it was directed by Andrew Fleming.
Nancy Drew & the Hidden Staircase (2019)
Nancy Drew and the Hidden Staircase is a 2019 American teen mystery film directed by Katt Shea with a screenplay by Nina Fiore and John Herrera, based on the book of the same name by Carolyn Keene which was earlier adapted for a 1939 film. The film stars Sophia Lillis in the titular role of Nancy Drew, as she investigates a haunted house.
The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries (1977-1979)
The most successful attempt at bringing Nancy Drew to life on television was The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries, which ran from 1977 to 1979 on ABC. Future Dynasty star Pamela Sue Martin starred as Nancy, with Jean Rasey and George O'Hanlon, Jr. as friends George and Ned, and William Schallert as Carson Drew. This series is regarded as the most faithful series to the books; Martin is often regarded by many Nancy Drew fans as the best actress to portray her. The series was also faithful in its tone of smaller mysteries, such as haunted houses or theft.
Nancy Drew (1995 TV Series)
Nelvana began production of another Nancy Drew television show in 1995. Tracy Ryan starred as Nancy Drew, with Jhene Erwin as Bess Marvin, Joy Tanner as George Fayne, and, in a recurring role, Scott Speedman as Ned Nickerson. Nancy is now a 21-year-old criminology student, moving to New York City and living in an upscale apartment complex called "The Callisto". Nancy solved various mysteries with Bess, a gossip columnist at The Rag, and George, a mail carrier and amateur filmmaker. Ned worked on charity missions in Africa, but did make a few appearances. This Nancy Drew series was again partnered with a series based on The Hardy Boys, with Ryan appearing in two episodes as Nancy. Both shows were cancelled midway through their first seasons due to low ratings; the poorly syndicated half-hour shows aired in a slot outside of prime time on the newly launched The WB and UPN networks. The entire series has since been released on DVD, and has appeared on several online streaming sites.
Nancy Drew (Dynamite Comics)
In March, 2017 Dynamite Entertainment released Anthony Del Col’s reboot of classic characters Nancy Drew and The Hardy Boys with Nancy Drew & The Hardy Boys: The Big Lie. Del Col has been a lifelong fan of the characters and was successful in working with Simon & Schuster to secure the comic book rights and then pitch to publishers. Inspired by Archie Comics’ Afterlife with Archie, Del Col is quoted as saying, “So, then I started to think, 'Huh, I wonder what other characters are out there that are well-known that could be rebooted like that,'" Del Col said. "That's when I started to look around and I looked in some properties, and then I thought, 'Wait a minute. Nancy Drew. Hardy Boys. Oh, that would be really cool to do a hard-boiled noir take on them.' ”
Nancy Drew (1930-1959 Books)
The Nancy Drew Mystery Stories is the long-running "main" Nancy Drew series, which was published under the pseudonym Carolyn Keene. There are 175 novels (plus 34 revised stories) that were published between 1930 and 2003 under the banner; Grosset & Dunlap published the first 56, and 34 revised stories, while Simon & Schuster published the series beginning with volume 57.
Nancy Drew (1959-1979)
Revisions at Grosset & Dunlap
The Nancy Drew Mystery Stories were first published in the United States in 1930 by Grosset & Dunlap in a series of hardbacks. Revision of all titles through Volume 34 began in 1959.
Mildred Wirt Benson is credited with writing 23 of the first 30 novels in the series. Other authors contributed, as well, but in 1959, Edward Stratemeyer's daughter, Harriet Adams, began rewriting the earlier books in the series, sometimes substituting entirely new plots while retaining the same title.
In the Harriet Adams revisions, Nancy is depicted as a less impulsive, less headstrong girl of Stratemeyer and Mildred’s vision, to a milder, more sedate and refined girl — "more sugar and less spice", with an extensive wardrobe and a more charitable outlook. Helen Corning appears older, perhaps in preparation for her "write-out" after volume 4 of the revised series (no explanation was made in the original series) and to introduce Bess and her cousin George. Perceived racial stereotypes (and, arguably, characters of color period) were omitted. Action increased significantly and became faster-paced. Greater developmental detail was given to Nancy and her home.
Nancy Drew (1980-2003)
In 1979, the Nancy Drew books began to be published by Wanderer Books Simon & Schuster in paperback format. Though formatted differently from the original 56-volume series which continued under Grosset & Dunlap's control, these new books were published under the Nancy Drew Mystery Stories banner. These books feature increasingly contemporary cover illustrations and some books have multiple versions of the cover art.
The Nancy Drew Files (1986-1997)
The Nancy Drew Files, or the Nancy Drew Case Files, is a detective fiction series started in 1986 and released by Simon & Schuster, New York. It is a spin-off of the original series of novels featuring Nancy Drew, with a greater emphasis on adventure, malice and romance. All the books have been written under the pseudonym Carolyn Keene. This series has been targeted at readers who are age eleven and up. With a new book released almost every month, 124 titles were released in 11 years. More than 17 million copies are in print and the books have appeared on the bestseller lists of Publishers Weekly, B. Dalton, and Waldenbooks. In 2014, Simon & Schuster started releasing this series in eBook format.
Nancy Drew Super Mystery (1988-1998)
Super Mystery is a 36-volume series of crossover paperbacks, pairing The Hardy Boys with Nancy Drew. Earlier crossovers include a 1970s TV series, the novelization of one of the TV episodes (The Hardy Boys and Nancy Drew Meet Dracula), two SuperSleuths books (each book containing 7 short stories), Campfire Stories (a book of 7 short stories in celebration of the anniversary of the Campfire organization), and the Be-A-Detective series (6 choose-your-own adventure books). The series is based on the Nancy Drew Files and the Hardy Boys Casefiles universes, as evidenced by Shock Waves, in which the melted keys from the car bombing that killed Iola Morton in the first Hardy Boys Casefile, are mentioned. The books are written under the Keene pseudonym and are told mainly from Nancy's view.
Nancy Drew on Campus (1995-1998)
Nancy Drew on Campus is a series of 25 books published as a young adult spin-off from the long-running Nancy Drew mystery series. The series was published between 1995 and 1998 by Simon & Schuster's Young Adult imprint Simon Pulse and followed Nancy and her friends as they attended college and dealt with issues such as date rape and drug usage. Nancy Drew on Campus utilized reader interaction, most notably in the first two books where they were asked to call a 1-800 number to decide whether Nancy and her boyfriend Ned were to break up or stay together. Nancy Drew ends her relationship to Ned Nickerson in the second book in the series, supposedly based on reader feedback to the telephone poll in the previous book.
Nancy Drew: Girl Detective (2004-2012)
Nancy Drew: Girl Detective replaced the long-running Nancy Drew mysteries series, which began in 1930. This new series is written in first person narration, from Nancy's point of view, and features updated and overhauled versions of the main Nancy Drew characters. New secondary characters are introduced to populate River Heights and appear over multiple books, adding a framework to Nancy's world. Though this series has many improvements over the Nancy Drew Mystery Stories, the drastic change in the main characters' personalities was hard for many readers to accept. The series was negatively reviewed by many fans of the series, mainly over the change in Nancy's character. In 2008, the series was changed into a trilogy format, which gained even more negative reviews than before. Simon & Schuster cut back to 4 books a year in 2010, before low sales finally forced the cancellation of the Girl Detective series in 2011. In 2013, the Nancy Drew Diaries series was launched as the replacement of Girl Detective.
Nancy Drew (2019 TV Series)
After 18-year-old Nancy Drew's college plans are put on hold, she finds herself involved in a ghostly mystery when she and her four friends are witnesses (and suspects) to a murder, and team up to find the person responsible.
Nancy Drew Episode 1: "Pilot" - October 9, 2019
In the fictional town of Horseshoe Bay, Maine, retired teenage detective Nancy Drew is spending her gap year working as a waitress at The Bayside Claw while she deals with the grief of her mother Katherine's death. All that changes when one night, she and her co-workers George, Bess, and Ace discover the body of Tiffany Hudson, wife of local businessman Ryan Hudson. When the police chief tries to pin the murder on Nancy, whom he's despised for years, she breaks into Ryan's house looking for evidence and finds a locket hidden in a secret compartment. The locket contains a reference to Lucy Sable, a girl who was killed nineteen years ago; Nancy, Bess, and George hire a medium to contact Lucy's spirit and receive a cryptic message to "find the dress". Nancy discovers that her father is secretly dating a cop, Karen Hart, and that her boyfriend Nick served time after Tiffany testified against him in court. She decides to try and figure out who killed Tiffany, with Bess, George, and Nick among her potential suspects. That night, while investigating a noise in the attic, she finds Lucy's bloodstained dress in a locked chest.
#2: "The Secret of the Old Morgue"
October 16, 2019
In an effort to improve his public image, Ryan takes part in the town's annual Seawater Festival, in which a bucket of seawater is placed outside to determine whether someone will die in the coming year. Nancy learns that the Hudson family has arranged for Tiffany's body to be moved out of town, so she decides to break into the morgue and take some blood to be analyzed. She also spies on George, learning of her secret relationship with Ryan. George angrily refuses to help, blaming Nancy for her reputation as a "slut" in high school. Bess and Ace pretend to have car trouble to delay Ryan's transporter, who hits it off with Bess. Nancy retrieves the blood and some evidence connected to Lucy's case, but accidentally trips the alarm; George suddenly arrives and hides the goods while Nancy is arrested. Carson agrees to represent Ryan in order to afford his daughter's bail. He tells her that Nick couldn't have known Tiffany's identity since she testified behind a screen. Later that night, he secretly burns Lucy's dress on the beach. George discovers that her bucket of seawater has turned to blood, a warning that death is soon to follow.
#3: "The Curse of the Dark Storm"
October 23, 2019
Nancy discovers evidence of a secret friendship between Tiffany and Nick. He explains that she had been visiting him every week up until his release and left him an old clock in Nancy's mother's roadster. Karen informs Nancy that the charges against her will be dropped if she helps build a case against Nick. George is nearly killed by several "accidents", and receives a visit from a woman named Rita who turns out to have died several decades earlier. Nick and Nancy follow Tiffany's clues to Lilac Inn, and find a hidden vault containing a lockbox. Carson finds a print on Nancy's shoe matching one she left behind at the inn. Nancy reveals the details of Tiffany's relationship to Karen so that Nick will not be treated as a suspect. Nick confesses to the group that he really did kill someone by accident, and finds $5 million in bearer bonds in the lockbox, money that Nancy believes Tiffany left for him. Ace calls her to pick up Bess, who turns out to be living in a van by herself. Nancy invites her to move in, and while helping her pack, she finds Tiffany's diamond ring in Bess' coat pocket.
#4: "The Haunted Ring" - October 30, 2019
Looking into Bess' past, Nancy finds a passport under the name "Bess Turani" with her picture. Bess turns out to be an English girl who believes the Marvins are her biological relatives, but isn't entirely sure. On the day of Tiffany's funeral, a ghost attacks Bess in the Claw's walk-in, prompting the girls to turn to George's clairvoyant mother Victoria who explains how to perform a ritual that will seal Tiffany's ghost away for good. Tiffany's sister, Laura Tandy, arrives in town seeking to learn the truth behind her death and recruits Ace, her ex-boyfriend, to help. At the funeral, George manages to only complete part of the ritual due to Bess wandering away from her post. Laura upstages Ryan's father Everett's eulogy by playing Tiffany's last 911 call and announcing her intentions to seek justice. Carson subsequently informs the media that Tiffany's autopsy report is inconclusive, angering Ryan. That night, Ned learns from a hidden camera that Laura broke into his garage, and Nancy follows a clue left by a ghost to Keene High School, turning up a photo of Lucy with Karen. The ritual's failure leads to Tiffany's spirit possessing George's body.
#5: "The Case of the Wayward Spirit"
November 6, 2019
Under the influence of Tiffany's spirit, George's behavior becomes increasingly unpredictable. Victoria warns the group that unless a ritual of exorcism is performed, she will eventually consume George's life force, erasing her forever. Local developer Owen Marvin hires the Bayside Claw to provide catering services to a local charity gala, but Bess asks Nick to go in her place to avoid having to deal with his family. While at the gala, Nancy runs into Karen, who reveals Lucy died a year after abruptly ending their friendship. Ryan has an argument with Owen, which George witnesses; Tiffany takes over, steals a dress and knife, and goes to confront him. Victoria and Bess arrive, and despite Laura disrupting the ritual, are able to banish her. Ace and Nick force Laura to return the flash drive she stole. Using a code word given to him by Tiffany in her final moments, Nick breaks the password on the drive and finds a mountain of evidence compiled against the Hudsons, including a possible connection to Owen. Owen helps Nancy find a time capsule buried by Lucy's high school class, including a video of her with a teenaged Ryan.
#6: "The Mystery of Blackwood Lodge"
November 13, 2019
A desperate Ryan comes to Nancy for help. In exchange for agreeing to steal a collection of priceless Roman coins for him from an auction at the Velvet Masque club, Nancy forces Ryan to escort her inside the club, normally off-limits to locals. Bess and Lisbeth have their first date, but when Lisbeth leaves early, Bess is devastated. To cheer her up, George brings her along on a mission with Nick to infiltrate the club; the two had earlier deduced that the coins were linked to the sinking of a cargo ship that killed Owen's uncle, and plan to steal them to expose the Hudsons for their alleged involvement. Owen seeks the coins for the same reason, and manages to get the group kicked out before winning the auction. Nancy discovers that Ryan's parents had Carson, their family's personal attorney in 1999, get rid of Lucy to keep her away from their son, and to cover up her discovery of an affair between Owen's uncle and Ryan's mother Celia Hudson. Lisbeth gives Bess a make-up date, and they kiss. Nancy reveals that she swiped the coins to Owen and declines his offer of dinner, unaware that Nick suspects she is going behind his back.
#7: "The Tale of the Fallen Sea Queen"
November 20, 2019
Victoria warns the group to dispose of the coins, as they attract evil spirits. Instead, Nancy decides to use them in a séance to contact Lucy's spirit so she can finally answer several long-simmering questions. Laura openly accuses Chief McGinnis of covering up Tiffany's death, forcing him to hand the case over to state authorities. Ace begins to suspect that Laura may be Tiffany's killer after learning that she stands to inherit her sister's money, but Nancy discovers his secret arrangement with McGinnis, shattering their trust. Nancy's contact informs her that the evidence she sent to him for analysis has disappeared, so she tracks down Lucy's half-brother to obtain the only other item that can be used to summon her, a bracelet she wore before her death. Victoria is too drunk to help, so the group conducts the séance themselves, destroying the coins in the process. Nick breaks up with Nancy afterwards for pushing him away. An unknown spirit is shown communicating with George's younger sister Ted. Ace leaves town with Laura and gets in a serious car accident, while Nancy deals with her growing fear that her father killed Lucy.
#8: "The Path of Shadows" - December 4, 2019
Ace is brought to the hospital and falls into a coma. Nancy speaks to Chief McGinnis, and after revealing all of her and her friends' interactions with the spirit world, learns that Ace's spirit has separated from his body due to the trauma of the crash. McGinnis gathers Nancy, George, and Carson to form a spirit circle and send George to the spirit world. Based on Nancy's deduction that someone intentionally tampered with Laura's car to trigger the crash, Nick and Bess confront Lisbeth, who they think may be responsible. Lisbeth then comes clean: she is actually an undercover state police officer investigating the Hudsons. George is unable to find Ace's spirit due to the negative energy between Nancy and Carson, so Nancy clears it by making him promise to reveal everything once the ceremony is finished. George finds Ace's spirit in the form of a young boy, but he remains in a coma. Nancy uses a clue George found to expose Officer Rawley, the dirty cop responsible for the accident. Nancy and Lisbeth stage a confrontation so Lisbeth can maintain her cover. When George goes to pick up Ted from the diner, she finds her missing.
#9: "The Hidden Staircase" - December 11, 2019
Ted's disappearance reveals similarities between her abduction and that of Rose Turnbull, the girl Nancy rescued in her first case as a 12-year old detective. Based on this, Nancy suspects that whoever took Ted is tied to Nathan Gomber, the man who kidnapped Rose. The group volunteers to help find Ted to keep the matter private, with Nancy and Carson visiting Gomber's old warehouse, George and Nick trying to decipher a note passed by Gomber to his only visitor, Moira Baker, and Bess getting Owen to put up a reward for any tips. Nancy's visit causes her to realize that there are gaps in her memory from the night she found Rose--the result, she believes, of an entity called Simon who was manipulating Gomber and now wants Ted's soul. George finds a location for Moira's antique store and breaks in with Nick at the same time that Nancy finds the shrine Gomber built for Simon and burns it; Moira is caught and Ted is located by Nick. When Nancy goes to see Gomber one last time, he says that his business with Simon is far from over. Bess reveals her secret to Owen and convinces him to authorize a DNA test. Karen finds Nancy's journal, and informs Chief McGinnis, who has the knife from Lucy's death tested. The fingerprints on it are found to match Carson's, and he is arrested and charged with her murder.
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